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Pueblo IndiansNorth American Indian peoples known for living in compact permanent settlements known as pueblos. Representative of the Southwest Indian culture areamost live in northeastern Arizona and northwestern New Mexico.
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Early 21st-century population estimates indicated approximately 75, individuals of Pueblo descent. Pueblo peoples are thought to be the descendants of the prehistoric Ancestral Pueblo Anasazi culture. Just as there was considerable regional diversity among the Ancestral Puebloans, there is similar diversity, both cultural and linguistic, among the contemporary Pueblo peoples.
Contemporary Puebloans are customarily described as belonging to either the deidre Point dating or the western division.
Tanoan languages such as Tewa are distantly related to Uto-Aztecanbut Keresan has no known affinities. The exception is the village of Hano, composed of Vegas free chating refugees from the Rio Grande.
Each of the 70 or more Pueblo villages extant before Spanish colonization was politically autonomousgoverned by a council composed of the he of religious societies. Those societies were centred in the kivassubterranean ceremonial chambers that also functioned as private clubs and lounging rooms for men. Traditionally, Pueblo peoples were farmers, with the types of farming and associated traditions of property ownership Visalia dating group among the groups.
Along the Rio Grande and its tributaries, corn Macon GA blossom dating and cotton were cultivated in irrigated fields in river bottoms. Among the western Puebloans, especially the Hopi, farming was less reliable because there were few permanent water sources.
Traditionally, women did most of the farming, but as hunting diminished in importance, men also became responsible for agricultural work. Many of the Rio Grande Puebloans had special hunting societies that hunted deer and antelope in the mountains, and easterly Puebloans such as the Taos and Picuris sometimes sent hunters to the Plains for bison. Among all Pueblo peoples, communal rabbit hunts were held, and women gathered wild plants to eat.
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The colonizers retreated from the region for several years but completed a reconquest in Subsequently, most villages adapted to colonial rule through syncretismadopting and dates ideas in Newport those aspects of the dominant culture necessary for survival under its regime, while maintaining the basic fabric of traditional culture.
Historical examples of Pueblo syncretism include the addition of sheep and shepherding to the agricultural economy and the adoption of some Christian religious Mississippi women dating french men. Contemporary Pueblo peoples continue to use syncretic strategies; they have adopted a variety of modern convenience products, yet they extensively retain their traditional kinship systems, religionsand crafts.
Social life centres on the village, which is also the primary political unit.
Kinship is typically reckoned through the lineage, a group that shares a common ancestor; several lineages together form a clan. Early 20th-century kinship studies indicated that some pueblos may have had more than 30 clans at one time, which online chat free Miami often grouped into two larger units, or moieties.
The clans of the eastern Pueblos are organized into complementary moieties, known respectively as the Summer people and the Winter people Tanoans or as the Turquoise people and the Squash people. These groups alternate responsibility for pueblo activities, and their secret societies deal primarily with curing rituals.
In contrast, the western Puebloans are organized into several matrilineal lineages and clans; secret societies, each controlled by a particular clan, perform a calendrical dating a girl from another Atlanta Georgia of rituals to ensure rain and tribal welfare.
Many Pueblo peoples continue to practice the kachina katsina religion, a complex belief system in which hundreds of divine beings act as intermediaries between humans and God. Pueblo Indians.
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Acoma Pueblo. See all media. Kidder Adolph Bandelier Show more. Full Article. Pueblo Indian pottery: left Acoma water jar, c.
on This Topic. Traditional social and religious practices are fairly well understood for the western Pueblo peoples because distance and the rugged landscape Group of Pueblo Indians playing a game, speed dating Salinas rapids Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content.
Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Traditional social and religious practices are fairly well understood for the western Pueblo peoples because distance and the rugged landscape of the Colorado Plateau afforded them some protection from the depredations of Spanish, and later American, colonizers. Less is known of the pre-conquest…. In the southwest, the earliest villages of farmers appeared by about bceand this initial development in southern New Mexico and Easy Petersburg to pick up girls was succeeded by a gradual spread of this way of life as far north as southwestern Colorado, east to the Pecos….
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